Pain medicine specialty is responsible for understanding and studying the mechanism underlying patient pain. Pain is defined by the ISAP (International Association for the Study of Pain) as: “An unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with, or resembling that associated with, actual or potential tissue damage”. So, pain is an experience, not just a simple symptom, and can be multifactorial – nociceptive, neurogenic and psychogenic. For that reason, the holistic assessment of the patient is crucial to understand the mechanism of pain and to treat it properly. The non-surgical treatments could include pharmacological medication, minimally invasive procedures and physiotherapy.
Dr. Miguel Costa